The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) is a self-report rating scale that is designed to measure current symptoms of depression. It consists of twenty items.
The CESD consists of twenty items that are rated on a four-poing likert scale (from 1: rarely or none of the time to 4: most or all of the time). Scores range from zero to sixty. Higher scores indicated a higher frequency of depressive symptoms during the last week.
The CESD yields 1 total score. Description of the scale and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. Bold items are reverse scored.
|SCALE NAME (ABBR.)||DESCRIPTION||ITEM LOADINGS|
|CESD_TOT||Total Score||1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20|
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A Self-Report Depression Scale for Research in the General Population. Applied Psychology, 1, 385-401.