Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD)

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) is a self-report rating scale that is designed to measure current symptoms of depression. It consists of twenty items.

ITEM CODING

The CESD consists of twenty items that are rated on a four-poing likert scale (from 1: rarely or none of the time to 4: most or all of the time). Scores range from zero to sixty. Higher scores indicated a higher frequency of depressive symptoms during the last week.

SCALES

The CESD yields 1 total score. Description of the scale and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. Bold items are reverse scored.

SCALE NAME (ABBR.) DESCRIPTION ITEM LOADINGS
CESD_TOT Total Score 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20

RESOURCE FILES

Questionnaire

R Scoring Syntax file

SPSS Scoring Syntax file

REFERENCES

Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A Self-Report Depression Scale for Research in the General Population. Applied Psychology, 1, 385-401.