Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol (CEOA)

The Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol (CEOA) questionnaire measures an individual’s outcome expectancy of drinking alcohol on a variety of domains: Sociability, Tension Reduction, Liquid Courage, Sexuality, Cog. and Beh. Impairment, Risks and Aggression, and Self-Perception.

ITEM CODING

The CEOA consists of 38 items that are rated on a 4-point Likert scale as follows:

Disagree Slightly disagree Slightly agree Agree
1 4

SCALES

The CEOA yields 7 primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. No items are reverse scored.

SCALE NAME (ABBR.) ITEM LOADINGS
Sociability (SOC) 1, 3, 5, 14, 24, 31, 34, 38
Tension Reduction (TR) 18, 27, 29
Liquid Courage (LC) 19, 20, 21, 22, 37
Sexuality (SEX) 7, 12, 16, 32
Cog. and Beh. Impairment (CBI) 2, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 23, 26
Risks and Aggression (RA) 10, 17, 25, 35, 36
Self-Perception (SP) 4, 28, 30, 33

RESOURCE FILES

Questionnaire

SPSS Scoring Syntax File

R Scoring Syntax file

REFERENCES

Fromme, K., Stroot, E., & Kaplan, D. (1993). Comprehensive effects of alcohol: Development and Psychometric assessment of a new expectancy questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 5, 19-26.