The Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol (CEOA) questionnaire measures an individual’s outcome expectancy of drinking alcohol on a variety of domains: Sociability, Tension Reduction, Liquid Courage, Sexuality, Cog. and Beh. Impairment, Risks and Aggression, and Self-Perception.
The CEOA consists of 38 items that are rated on a 4-point Likert scale as follows:
|Disagree||Slightly disagree||Slightly agree||Agree|
The CEOA yields 7 primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. No items are reverse scored.
|SCALE NAME (ABBR.)||ITEM LOADINGS|
|Sociability (SOC)||1, 3, 5, 14, 24, 31, 34, 38|
|Tension Reduction (TR)||18, 27, 29|
|Liquid Courage (LC)||19, 20, 21, 22, 37|
|Sexuality (SEX)||7, 12, 16, 32|
|Cog. and Beh. Impairment (CBI)||2, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 23, 26|
|Risks and Aggression (RA)||10, 17, 25, 35, 36|
|Self-Perception (SP)||4, 28, 30, 33|
Fromme, K., Stroot, E., & Kaplan, D. (1993). Comprehensive effects of alcohol: Development and Psychometric assessment of a new expectancy questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 5, 19-26.
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