The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQR) contains 20 reasons why people might be motivated to drink alcoholic beverages. Participants rate on a 5-point scale how frequently each of the 20 listed reasons motivate them to drink alcoholic beverages. The measure yields four scale scores reflecting different motives for drinking alcohol.
The DMQR consists of 20 items that are rated on a 5-point Likert scale as follows:
|Almost Never/Never||Some of the time||Half of the time||Most of the time||Almost Always/Always|
The DMQR yields four primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. No items are reverse scored.
|SCALE NAME (ABBR.)||DESCRIPTION||ITEM LOADINGS|
|Social (SOC)||This scale has items reflecting social motives for alcohol use.||3, 5, 11, 14, 16|
|Coping (COP)||This scale has items reflecting coping motives for alcohol use.||1, 4, 6, 15, 17|
|Enhancement (ENH)||This scale has items reflecting enhancement motives for alcohol use.||7, 9, 10, 13, 18|
|Conformity (CON)||This scale has items pertaining to external social pressures that push an individual to conform and engage in alcohol use.||2, 8, 12, 19, 20|
Cooper, M. L. (1994). Motivations for Alcohol Use Among Adolescents: Development and Validation of a Four-Factor Model. Psychological Assessment, 6 (2), 117-128.
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