The Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) is a 5-item questionnaire that measures an individual’s craving to drink alcohol in the past week.
Each item is scored on a scale from 0 to 6.
Flannery, B. A., Volpicelli, J. R., & Pettinati, H. M. (1999). Psychometric properties of the Penn alcohol craving scale. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23(8), 1289-1295.
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