Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)

INFORMATION

The Perceived Stress Scale is a 10-item self report questionnaire that measures persons’ evaluation of the stressfulness of the situations in the past month of their lives. There is also a 4-item version.

ITEM CODING

PSS scores can be made by summing across all 10 items. Scores can range from 0 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater stress.The following items are reverse coded:4,5,7,8.

RESOURCE FILES

10-item Questionnaire

10-item R Scoring Syntax file

4-item Questionnaire

4-item R Scoring Syntax file

PSS FAQs

Additional information

REFERENCES

Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 385-396.

Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapan & S. Oskamp (Eds.), The social psychology of health: Claremont Symposium on applied social psychology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.