Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule (PN21)

The PANAS includes 2 higher-order scale scores (Positive Affect, Negative Affect) and 10 lower-order scale scores (Shyness, Fatigue, Serenity, Surprise, Fear, Hostility, Guilt, Sadness, Joviality, Self Assurance). There is no total score. Individuals rate on a 1-5 likert scale of what extent they feel each item from 1 (very slightly or not at all) to 5 (extremely)

DATA ENTRY INSTRUCTIONS

For each participant, enter the following information:

Column 1 = Participant ID#

Columns 2-61 = Item scores for items 1-60, range (1,5). Data entry begins with the left column on the questionnaire, and proceeds from top to bottom.

For missing values, enter “-999”

SCORING OUTPUT ABBREVIATIONS

PAX_PAF Positive Affect

PAX_NAF Negative Affect

PAX_ATT Attentiveness

PAX_SHY Shyness

PAX_FAT Fatigue

PAX_SRN Serenity

PAX_SUR Surprise

PAX_FER Fear

PAX_HOS Hostility

PAX_GLT Guilt

PAX_SAD Sadness

PAX_JOV Joviality

PAX_SAS Self Assurance

RESOURCE FILES

21 item Questionnaire

R Scoring Syntax file

REFERENCES

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of personality and social psychology, 54(6), 1063.

Crawford, J. R., & Henry, J. D. (2004). The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS): Construct validity, measurement properties and normative data in a large non‐clinical sample. British journal of clinical psychology, 43(3), 245-265.

Thompson, E. R. (2007). Development and validation of an internationally reliable short-form of the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS). Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 38(2), 227-242.