Psychological Well Being Scales (WBS)

The Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being is a theoretically grounded instrument that specifically focuses on measuring multiple facets of psychological well-being. These facets include the following:

  • self-acceptance
  • the establishment of quality ties to other
  • a sense of autonomy in thought and action
  • the ability to manage complex environments to suit personal needs and values
  • the pursuit of meaningful goals and a sense of purpose in life
  • continued growth and development as a person

ITEM CODING

Responses are totaled for each subscale and a high score indicates that the respondent has a mastery of that area in his or her life. Conversely, a low score shows that the respondent struggles to feel comfortable with that particular concept.

SCALES

SCALE NAME (ABBR.) ITEM LOADINGS
Autonomy (AUT) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,7,8, 9, 1011,12, 13,14
Environmental Mastery (ENV) 1, 23, 4, 5,6, 7,8, 9,10,11,12, 13, 14
Personal Growth(PERS) 1,2,3, 4, 5, 6,7,8 9, 1011,12, 13, 14
Positive Relations With Others (POS) 1, 23, 4,5, 6,7, 8, 9, 10,11, 12,13,14
Purpose In Life (PUR) 1, 2356, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11,12,13,14
Self-Acceptance (SELF) 1, 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7,8,9, 10,11, 12, 13,14

Individuals respond to each item to the degree they agree with the statement on a 1-6 likert scale with 1 being strongly disagree and6 being strongly agree. Bold items are reverse coded.

RESOURCE FILES

Questionnaire (environmental mastery subscale)

SPSS Scoring Syntax file (environmental mastery subscale)

R Scoring Syntax File

Questionnaire (Autonomy subscale)

ALL subscale questionnaire and Scoring information

REFERENCES

Ryff, C. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1069–1081.