The TRI is a measure of drinking restraint (i.e., the preoccupation with controlling alcohol consumption). It consists of 15 items, each of which is rated on a 9-point scale where “1” reflects a lack of preoccupation and “9” reflects a high degree of preoccupation. The items form five first-order factors. Three of the factors were drawn from factor and confirmatory analyses of the Restrained Drinking Scale (Ruderman and McKirnan 1984). These three factors are: Govern (difficulty controlling alcohol intake), Restrict (attempts to limit drinking), and Emotion (negative affect as a reason for drinking). The other two factors were newly developed. They are Concern About Drinking (plans to reduce drinking/worry about controlling drinking) and Cognitive Preoccupation (thoughts about drinking).
The TRI consists of 15 items that are rated on a 9-point Likert scale with 1 (Never) and 9 (Always) as anchors
The TRI yields 5 primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the mean of the sum of respective items. No items are reverse scored.
|SCALE NAME (ABBR.)||SCALE DESCRIPTION||ITEM LOADINGS|
|Govern||difficulty controlling alcohol intake||9, 13, 15|
|Restrict||attempts to limit drinking||3, 10, 14|
|Emotion||negative affect as a reason for drinking||1, 2, 6|
|Concern about drinking||plans to reduce drinking/worry about controlling drinking||5, 8, 12|
|Cognitive preoccupation||thoughts about drinking||4, 7, 11|
Collins, R,.L. & Lapp, W.M. (1992). The Temptation and Restraint Inventory for measuring drinking restraint. British Journal of Addiction, 87, 625-633.