Temptation and Restraint Inventory (TRI)

The TRI is a measure of drinking restraint (i.e., the preoccupation with controlling alcohol consumption). It consists of 15 items, each of which is rated on a 9-point scale where “1” reflects a lack of preoccupation and “9” reflects a high degree of preoccupation. The items form five first-order factors. Three of the factors were drawn from factor and confirmatory analyses of the Restrained Drinking Scale (Ruderman and McKirnan 1984). These three factors are: Govern (difficulty controlling alcohol intake), Restrict (attempts to limit drinking), and Emotion (negative affect as a reason for drinking). The other two factors were newly developed. They are Concern About Drinking (plans to reduce drinking/worry about controlling drinking) and Cognitive Preoccupation (thoughts about drinking).

ITEM CODING

The TRI consists of 15 items that are rated on a 9-point Likert scale with 1 (Never) and 9 (Always) as anchors

SCALES

The TRI yields 5 primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the mean of the sum of respective items. No items are reverse scored.

SCALE NAME (ABBR.) SCALE DESCRIPTION ITEM LOADINGS
Govern difficulty controlling alcohol intake 9, 13, 15
Restrict attempts to limit drinking 3, 10, 14
Emotion negative affect as a reason for drinking 1, 2, 6
Concern about drinking plans to reduce drinking/worry about controlling drinking 5, 8, 12
Cognitive preoccupation thoughts about drinking 4, 7, 11

RESOURCE FILES

Questionnaire

R Scoring Syntax file

SPSS Scoring Syntax file

REFERENCES

Collins, R,.L. & Lapp, W.M. (1992). The Temptation and Restraint Inventory for measuring drinking restraint. British Journal of Addiction, 87, 625-633.