Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM)

The essence of the triarchic model is that psychopathy encompasses three distinct phenotypic constructs: disinhibition, which reflects a general propensity toward problems of impulse control; boldness, which is defined as the nexus of social dominance, emotional resiliency, and venturesomeness; and meanness, which is defined as aggressive resource seeking without regard for others (“dysaffliated agency”). These differing phenotypic components are considered in terms of relevant etiologic and developmental pathways. The triarchic conceptualization provides a basis for reconciling and accommodating alternative descriptive accounts of psychopathy.


Item Coding can be gathered from the scoring key below. There are many reverse coded items indicated by (-).


There are 3 main scales: BoldnessMeanness, and Disinhibition based on many different facets of psychopathy: Optimism, Empathy, Impatient Urgency, Intrepidness, Dependability, Excitement Seeking, Resilience, Problematic Impulsivity, Courage, Irresponsibility, Dominance, Physical Aggression, Optimism, Relational Aggression, Persuasiveness, Planful Control, Tolerance for Uncertainty, Theft, Self Confidence, Alienation, Dependability, Boredom Proneness, Fraud, Honesty, Destructive Aggression, and Social Assurance.


TriPM key

TriPM prelim manual

TriPM Questionnaire

R Scoring Syntax


Patrick, C. J., Fowles, D. C., & Krueger, R. F. (2009). Triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy: Developmental origins of disinhibition, boldness, and meanness. Development and psychopathology, 21(3), 913-938.