The Wisconsin Withdrawal Scale (WSWS) contains 7 factors: Anger, Anxiety, Sadness, Concentration, Craving, Sleep, and Hunger. Post-quit alpha coefficients for the whole scale range from .90-.91 and the factors ranged from .75-.93.
The WSWS consists of 28 items that are rated on a 5-point Likert scale as follows:
The WSWS yields 7 primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. Bolded items are reverse scored.
|SCALE NAME (ABBR.)||ITEM LOADINGS|
|Anger||13, 15, 18|
|Sadness||7, 12, 19, 24|
|Concentration||4, 23, 27|
|Craving||9, 11, 20, 26|
|Sleepy||2, 5, 17, 22, 25|
|Hunger||1, 14, 16, 21, 28|
Welsch, S.K., Smith, S.S., Wetter, D.W., Jorenby, D.E., Fiore, M.C., Baker, T.B. (1999). Development and validation of the Wisconsin Smoking Withdrawal Scale. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7, 4, pp. 354-361.