Wisconsin Withdrawal Scale (WSWS)

The Wisconsin Withdrawal Scale (WSWS) contains 7 factors: Anger, Anxiety, Sadness, Concentration, Craving, Sleep, and Hunger. Post-quit alpha coefficients for the whole scale range from .90-.91 and the factors ranged from .75-.93.

ITEM CODING

The WSWS consists of 28 items that are rated on a 5-point Likert scale as follows:

Strongly
Disagree
Strongly
Agree
0 1 2 3 4

SCALES

The WSWS yields 7 primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. Bolded items are reverse scored.

SCALE NAME (ABBR.) ITEM LOADINGS
Anger 13, 15, 18
Anxiety 3,6,8,10
Sadness 7, 12, 19, 24
Concentration 4, 23, 27
Craving 9, 11, 20, 26
Sleepy 2, 5, 1722, 25
Hunger 1, 14, 16, 21, 28

RESOURCE FILES

Questionnaire

R Scoring File

REFERENCES

Welsch, S.K., Smith, S.S., Wetter, D.W., Jorenby, D.E., Fiore, M.C., Baker, T.B. (1999). Development and validation of the Wisconsin Smoking Withdrawal Scale. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7, 4, pp. 354-361.