The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) contains 15 reasons why people might be motivated to drink alcoholic beverages. Participants rate on a 4-point scale how frequently each of the 15 listed reasons motivate them to drink alcoholic beverages. The measure yields three scale scores reflecting different motives for drinking alcohol.
The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQR) contains 20 reasons why people might be motivated to drink alcoholic beverages. Participants rate on a 5-point scale how frequently each of the 20 listed reasons motivate them to drink alcoholic beverages. The measure yields four scale scores reflecting different motives for drinking alcohol.
The DMQ consists of 15 items that are rated on a 4-point Likert scale as follows:
|Never/Almost Never||Sometimes||Often||Always/Almost Always|
The DMQ yields three primary scales. Description of the scales and item loadings are listed below. Scale scores are calculated as the sum of respective items. No items are reverse scored.
|SCALE NAME (ABBR.)||DESCRIPTION||ITEM LOADINGS|
|Social (SOC)||Social motives for alcohol use||1, 4, 7, 10, 13|
|Coping (COP)||Coping motives for alcohol use||2, 5, 8, 11, 14|
|Enhancement (ENH)||Enhancement motives for alcohol use||3, 6, 9, 12, 15|
Cooper, M. L., Russell, M., Skinner, J. B., & Windle, M. (1992). Development and validation of a three-dimensional measure of drinking motives. Psychological Assessment, 4(2), 123-132.
Cooper, M. L. (1994). Motivations for Alcohol Use Among Adolescents: Development and Validation of a Four-Factor Model. Psychological Assessment, 6 (2), 117-128.